One of the most common houseplants in america and one of the most mistreated is the Philodendron. Found in households and office buildings around the world, the most common variety is often seen as a straggly 10 foot long sparse vine Philodendron Birkin with a few heart fashioned leaves dotted along its length. Philodendrons develop in the tropics and are section of the Aroid family (Araceae). Philodendrons plants come in many shapes and sizes, from small trailing vines to giant woods. There are many different species of Philodendrons, each possessing its very own characteristics as to leaf size, shape or coloring.
Most Philodendrons are at home in the jungles of tropical America and are suited for medium filtered-light intensity similar to a packed bush floor. Because of this adaption, they are prime candidates for living in the low to medium light of many homes and offices. While most philodendrons will do well in low-light situations, the more colorful varieties require brighter locations.
Philodendrons grow best in a somewhat much fitting pot and will form a nice intertwined ball of roots, so you can plant them in a pot which could almost seem too small. Pot your philodendron in the late winter or in the spring. Fill the bottom of the pot one 1 fourth full with broken crocks for easy drainage, which should then be covered with a moss, turf or coarse leaves to prevent the drainage from becoming clogged. Feed your philodendron in the spring and again in midsummer with a liquid house plant fertilizer. You can multiply your own philodendrons by taking a cutting with at least 2 joints on it and planting it.
The plant will withstand low light conditions, but an absence of light will cause the plant to be sparse, with new leaves growing in smaller and for more distance apart on the stalk. All philodendrons should be checked regularly and kept smoothly soaked. Over watering may cause yellow leaves and under watering will cause the leaves to turn brown and fall off. Never allow soil get so dry that the leaves start to wilt, this may mean that the, fine root fur that absorb moisture and nutrients are in trouble. Clean the leaves with soapy water or an insecticide regularly to prevent the pores from becoming clogged up with dust and to control insects.